Migraine is a common headache disorder, particularly prevalent in adolescents. The exact cause of migraines is not yet fully understood, but it often presents with severe and frequent headaches that significantly impact daily functioning.

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Symptoms of Migraine:

  1. Typically affects one side of the head.
  2. The pain improves within 1-2 days but recurs.
  3. Headache is throbbing and worsens with movement or physical activities.
  4. Often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
  5. Preceded by warning signs such as flashing lights or distorted images.

Management and Treatment of Migraine:

  1. Non-pharmacological approaches include avoiding triggers like sleep deprivation, certain foods, artificial sweeteners, alcohol, fermented or pickled foods, and maintaining regular exercise.
  2. Pharmacological treatment involves preventive medications and medications for relieving headache pain, based on individual patient suitability.

Diagnosis of Migraine:

Diagnosing migraine often relies on the patient’s history of headache pain that aligns with migraine characteristics. Physical examinations may not reveal any abnormalities causing the headaches. Additional tests such as blood tests or brain imaging, especially in cases where other causes are suspected or when headache relief is not achieved with medications, may be considered on an individual basis.

Due to the recurrent and debilitating nature of migraines, patients should consult a healthcare professional to exclude other causes and establish a definite diagnosis. The goal of medical care is to reduce headache intensity, frequency, and improve the overall quality of daily life.

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Diagnosing migraines usually relies on the patient's history of headache pain that aligns with migraine characteristics and the absence of abnormal findings on neurological examinations, which could explain the headache.


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